Few suggested (not mandatory) tips for your reference
1. Alternate Reality: Story writers try to give alternate realities to readers. Great stories are usually written from the perspective of an augmented outfit to showcase an alternate reality which is charged to entertain readers through temporal transposition. As a writer, you should always be looking out for that alternate realities. Murders and fantasy stories are wide popular because of this one reason.
2. Plot: Plot building is like a joke building. Everything in a joke moves toward the punchline, and anything that isn't tending toward the punchline kills the joke. So, the eyes should be on the goal. Outline each subplots and each of the subplots should move from point A to point B.
3. Exaggerate: As a story writer, you need to exaggerate certain sequences. With exaggeration, the impact becomes higher and attaches to the brain more than without it. Refer to the following movie link, which gives insight into the concept. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LGaqzzn5NGU
4. Make a promise: It has been statistically proven that people don't read beyond the first 26 pages of a novel. A good story makes a promise to their readers in the first few pages/paragraphs that they are about to come across something worth their time. Refer to the following link, which explains how promise at the start of the story makes a huge impact. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pWDZ8GusmLI
5. Villian: Avoid making the villian the ‘all bad guy’. What will be exciting is to justify their demons and you can do this by including their life altering hurt or a betrayal they once faced. These crosscurrents of emotions will deepen the thrill of the story. One of the best examples of the portrayal of a ‘nice’ villain is Severus Snape.
1. Involve all senses
Use words that will involve all the senses so your reader is completely immersed in your poem. The words can represent sight, hearing, smell, touch, taste, and motion.
2. Create the MSH
A metaphor is a figure of speech that describes an object or action in a way that isn’t literally true, but helps explain an idea or make a comparison. For example - Chaos is a friend of mine. Bob Dylan
A simile is a figure of speech that directly compares two things. Although similes and metaphors are similar, similes explicitly use connecting words (such as like, as, so, than, or various verbs such as resemble), though these specific words are not always necessary. For example - As black as coal.
Hyperbole is the use of exaggeration as a rhetorical device or figure of speech. It uses extreme exaggeration to make a point or show emphasis. It is the opposite of understatement. For example - That joke is so old, the last time I heard it I was riding a dinosaur.
3. Turn Upside Down
The beauty of poetry is its viewpoint and of a poet is their vision. A poem should show a different side of the reader’s everyday objects and bring about a fresh perspective to it.
4. Rhyme or Not Rhyme
Rhyme, along with a meter helps make a poem musical and enjoyable to the ears whereas a free verse describes the patterns of everyday speech to bring more attention.
5. Read more and revise
Reading poems of other poets not only helps build a vocab database but also gives perspectives. Revising over and over again will help polish the nooks and corners of your poem.
Besides tips, you can also explore different styles of poetry like:
Sonnets are short rhyming poems that are written in 14 lines. This form was invented in the 13th century by Dante and Francisco Petrarch. Both were Italian poets from the early renaissance period. The form was developed later on further by writers like Shakespeare. Sonnets use the iambic meter in each line and use line-ending rhymes. The Shakespeare Sonnets are built with 3 quatrains (4 line stanzas) followed by 1 couplet (2 line stanza) and the rhyming scheme of ABAB CDCD EFEF GG. You can read 'In The Shadow of Your Warm Love' and 'A geisha's tale' by Shakespeare to understand better.
Limericks are a five-line witty poem with a distinctive rhythm. The first, second and fifth lines, the longer lines, rhyme. The third and fourth shorter lines rhyme. To summarise here is the scheme: A-A-B-B-A.
This five line poem also follows a syllable count.
Line 1: 7-10 syllables
Line 2: 7-10 syllables
Line 3: 5-7 syllables
Line 4: 5-7 syllables
Line 5: 7-10 syllables
You can read Examples of Limericks like My Foolish Dog and The Elderly Toilet
Haiku is a form of Japanese poetry that follows a specific syllable pattern. It's made up of 3 lines, consisting of 17 syllables in total. Haikus are usually about a specific part of nature. This ancient form of poem writing is renowned for its small size as well as the precise punctuation and syllables needed on its three lines. It is of ancient Asian origin. Line 1: 5 syllables Line 2: 7 syllables Line 3: 5 syllables Examples of Haikus are: Spring and October's Gold
The villanelle is a nineteen-line poetic form consisting of five tercets followed by a quatrain. There are two refrains and two repeating rhymes, with the first and third line of the first tercet repeated alternately until the last stanza, which includes both repeated lines.